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taber abraderan instrument used to test the abrasion resistance of a material.
tableta small, flat slab or surface of stone, especially one bearing or intended to bear an inscription, carving or the like.
tablewareall utensils and decorative articles used on the table for meal service. 
take-off mansomeone who can read blueprints and is familiar with the specifications. this person makes tracings of special details concerning the tilework after gathering the necessary information and then estimates the labor, materials, tile quantities, and special trim shapes needed to complete the job.
tapping tilean inspection technique whereby a coin, key, or other small metallic object is tapped against an installed tile to determine by sound whether the tile is completely bonded to its hacking. tilesetters often tap the tile with a pointing trowel to determine that a good bond has been achieved. 
templatea pattern for repetitive marking or fabricating operation; “safe” a water closet base.
tensile strengththe pulling force necessary to break a given specimen divided by the cross sectional area. units given in lbs./in2 (p.s.i.). it measures the resistance of a material to stretching without rupture. normally is not used with reference to elastic materials which recover after elongation.
terra cottahard baked clayware, including tile, of variable color, averaging reddish red-yellow in hue and of high saturation. 
terra sigillataa porous, red clay ware characterized by embossed decorations of the same color and a satin-like unglazed surface. originated on the island of samos. 
terrazzoa type of concrete in which chips or pieces of stone, usually marble, are mixed with cement and are ground to a flat surface, exposing the chips, which take a high polish.
terrazzo concretesee concrete, terrazzo.
terrazzo tilea terrazzo surface, on a portlandl cement and sand body, made by a mixture of marble chips and portland cement and usually ground smooth. 
tessara, tessaraea small chip of glass or marble used in mosaic formations. 
testa trial, examination, observation, or evaluation used as a means of measuring a physical or chemical characteristics of a material, or a physical characteristic of a structural element or a structure.
testing machinea device for applying test conditions and accurately measuring results.
testing of ceramic tilethe act of determining whether ceramic tile are acceptable. see physical properties of ceramic tile.
texturethree dimensional surface enrichment independent of color.
thermal conductivityability of a material to conduct heat; physical constant for quantity of heat that passes through unit volume of a substance in unit of time when difference in temperature of two opposite faces is one degree.
thermalledtextural enhancement created by flaming the stone surface with intense heat.
thin marblea fabricated marble unit of 2 inches (50 mm) thick.
thin stonestone slabs generally of two inches or less in thickness.
thin-seta term used to describe the bonding of tile with suitable materials applied approximately 1/8″‘ thick. see also dry-set mortar.
thresholda flat stip of stone projecting above the foor between the jambs of a door.
throatthe name sometimes given to the small groove under the windowsill or dripstone, intended of deflect rain water from the wall face.
tie wirethe 18-gauge galvanized wire used in construction work.
tilea ceramic surfacing unit, usually relatively thin in relation to facial area, made from clay or a mixture of clay and other ceramic materials, called the body of the tile, having either a glazed or unglazed face and fired above red heat in the course of manufacture to a temperature sufficiently high to produce specific physical properties and characteristics. 
tile assembliessee definition for mounted tile.
tile cutterthe the cutter is one of the most efficient and economical tools in the tilesetting trade. a popular model is the hand-drawn tile cutting board that is adjustable.
tile, mountedtile assembled into units or sheets and bonded together to facilitate handling.  back-mounted tile. mounted tile with perforated paper, fiber mesh, or other suitable bonding material applied to the backs or edges of the tile so that a relatively large proportion of tile area is exposed to the setting bed. face-mounted tile. mounted tile with paper applied to the faces of the tile. the water-soluble adhesive can be removed easily prior to grouting of the joints.
tin ixide (sri oq)in finely ground form used in glazes as an opacifier.
titania porcelaina vitreous ceramic whiteware for technical application in which titania (tio,) is the essential crystalline phase. 
titania whitewareany ceramic whiteware in which titania (tio,) is the essential crystalline phase. 
tolerancedimensional allowance made for the inability of men and machines to fabricate a product of exact dimensions.
tongue and groovea type of lumber or precast concrete pile having mated projecting and grooved edges to provide a tight fit, abbreviated “t & g.”
tooled finishedcustomarily are four, six or eight parallel, concave grooves to the inch.
traceryornamentation of panels, circular windows, window heads, etc.
trammel bara trammel bar, which is easy to construct, is more accurate than many other layout tools. it is used to erect perpendicular lines and to bisect angles. the tilesetter can make a trammel bar from a stick of a size that is suitable for the particular job.
translucencepermitting light to pass through with little diffusing. certain marble varieties are translucent.
travertinea variety of limestone that has a partly crystalline or microcrystalline texture and porous or cellular layered structure, the cells being usually concentrated along certain layers and commonly displaying small stalactic forms.
treada flat stone used as the top walking surface on steps.
trial batcha batch of concrete prepared to establish or check proportions of the constituents.
trimstone used as decorative items only, such as sills, coping, enframements, etc., with the facing of another material.
trimmer archa stone arch, usually a low-rise arch, used for supporting a fireplace hearth.
trimmersunits of various shapes consisting of such items as bases, caps, corners, mouldings, angles, etc.,, necessary or desirable to make a complete installation and to achieve sanitary purposes as well as architectural design for all types of tile work. 
tuffcemented volcanic ash, many varieties included.
tumbled finisha weathered, aging finished created when the stone is tumbled with sand, peblles, or steel bearings.